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Kolka is a village in Kolka parish, Dundaga municipality, on the tip of Cape Kolka in Courland in Latvia, on the coast of the Gulf of Riga in ancient Livonia.Livonian homelandKolka and other surrounding villages of Livonian coast are home to the last remnants of Latvia's Livonian ethnic group, whose Livonian language is highly endangered. The village has the highest number of Livonians in the historical area of Livonian coast. In 1995, of the 186 Livonians in Latvia, 53 were living in Kolka.HistoryKolka may be the place where Danish archbishop Absalon built the first church in the Baltic region. The first mentions of it are from 1387, when it was called Domesnes, which may refer to Danish or Finnish background. The Livonian name Kūolka means "corner" in English.Situated on the cape, the Kolka lighthouse was built in 1864 by Russian Empire navy and has been renovated twice (in 1975 and 1985). There are also ruins of the old lighthouse, which was built in the 14th century.ReligionKolka has three picturesque old churches : Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, and Roman Catholic . Kolka also has connection to the Tikhvin icon, as it is Kolka's Russian Orthodox priest first saved it and his spiritual son later returned it to its original place.Plan how to spend your time in Kolka and other destinations in Latvia using our Latvia online trip itinerary planner.
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